Protective Effects of Chemical Drugs on the Course of Uranium-induced Acute Renal Failure

우라늄오염에 의한 신부전증에 미치는 제염제의 방호효과

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Chung, In-Yong (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Sung-Ho (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Kyeng-Jung (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Bang, Hyo-Chang (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Yoo, Seong-Yul (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Chin, Soo-Yil (Korea Cancer Center Hospital Korea Atomic Advanced Energy Research Institute)
  • 김태환 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 정인용 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 김성호 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 김경중 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 방효창 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 류성렬 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소) ;
  • 진수일 (원자력 병원, 한국원자력연구소)
  • Published : 1990.12.25

Abstract

Appreciable radiation exposures certainly were occurred in the reactor burn-up, the nuelear fall-out and the surroundings of nuclear installations with radioactive effluents. Therefore, radioactive nuclides is not only potentially hazardous to workers of nuclear power plants and related industrials, but also the wokers who handle radioactive nuclides in biochemical research and nuclear medicine diagnostics. And in the case of occurring the nuclear accidents, the early medical treatment of radiation injury should be necessary but little is established medical procedures to decontaminate the victims of internal contamination of radioactive nuclides in korea. Accordingly, to achieve the basic data for protective roles and medical treatment of radiation injury, the present studies were carrid out to evaluate the decontamination of uranium by the chemical drugs. The results observed were summarized as follows: 1. The combined treatmet group of sodium bicarbonate and saline with uranyl nitrate injection simultaneously and the dithiothreitol group that was administered 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate injection were increased significantly in the change of body weight than uranyl nitrate-only group (P<0.005). 2. All the experimental groups were increased the fluid intake and urine volume on the uranyl nitrate-induced acute renal failure. but the combined treatment group of sodium bicarbonate and saline with uranyl nitrate injection simultaneously and the dithiothreitol group that was administered 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate injection have the higher increment of fluid intake and urine volume (P<0.05). 3. When sodium bicarbonate and saline was treated with uranyl nitrate injection simultaneously. and dithiothreitol was administered 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate injection. there was significantly reduced in BUN concentration (P<0.01). 4. When dithiothreitol was administered 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate injection. there was reduced more significantly on the increment of serum creatinine concentration than that observed in uranyl nitrate-only group(P<0.01). but when the combined treatment of sodium bicarbonate and saline with uranyl nitrate simultaneously, there was still. albeit much less marked. decrease in serum creatinine concentration. 5. The sodium bicarbonate and saline was treated with uranyl nitrate simultaneously and dithiothreitol was administered at 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate were excreted markedly higher urine creatinine concentration than the uranyl nitrate-only group. 6. Uranyl nitrate has been used in experimental animals to produce hydropic degeneration and swelling of proximal tubules, disappearance of microvilli and brush border or necrosis in the kidney and centrilobular necrosis, congestion, and telangiectasia of the liver. When the sodium bicarbonate and saline was treated with uranyl nitrate simultaneously, and dithiothreitol was administered. 30 minutes after uranyl nitrate, there was more marked the protective effect than uranyl nitrate-only group. Finally, if the sodium bicarbonate and saline may administered as quickly as possible each time that some risk for internal contamination, with uranium, and dithiothreitol is administered 30 minutes after uranium contamination, there ameliorates the course of uranyl nitrate-induced acute renal failure.and this effect is assocciated with prevention of uranium (heavy metal)-induced alterations in BUN, serum creatinine, urine creatinine, fluid intake, urine volume and body weight.