- Volume 8 Issue 2
The minimum concentrations of nonionic and anionic surfactants inducing phytotoxicity were investigated after spraying or flooding surfactant solutions to annual plants. Of the sufactants tested, LE, NP, SPSS, LN, PAAS and DBC induced phytotoxicity at the lowest concentrations through all treatments and Tween, Span, SP, SC, STPP and CLIS induced the least phytotoxicity even at high concentration. At flooded paddy field tests, anionic surfactants induced phytotoxicity at the lower concentration than nonionic, but showed similar tendencies with other treatments. In pre-emergence treatments of upland and dry paddy field tests, there was little phytotoxicity induced at over 10 percent, while phytotoxicity was induced at the lowest concentration among 6 treatments in flooded paddy field tests.