Effect of Irrigation Water Pollution on the Nutrition Physiology of Rice Plant in the Kimhae Plain;Especially on the Nitrogen Supply and Yield

김해평야 관개수 오염도가 벼 영양생리에 미치는 영향;질소양분 공급과 수량을 중심으로

  • Ha, Ho-Sung (Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry,Geongsang University) ;
  • Heo, Jong-Soo (Dept. of Agricultural Chemistry,Geongsang University)
  • Published : 1989.12.30


Water pollution status of the irrigation water, inorganic nutrient contents of rice plant, relationship between water quality of irrigation water and inorganic nutrient contents of rice plant, and nitrogen supply by irrigation water at six sites of pumping stations in Kimhae plain were investigated. The results were as follows : 1. Average values of water components analyzed at all pumping stations were in the range of 6.5-7.0 pH, 0.6-7.7ppm DO, 4.4-63.5ppm BOD, 7.3-73.9ppm COD, 1.84-16.22ppm $NH_4$-N, 1.22-15.49ppm $NO_3$-N and 0.07-1.35ppm $PO_4$-P respectively. 2. Comparatively heavy polluted sites were Sikman, Bongrim and Noksan, and less polluted sites were Daejeo, Myeongje and Jangyou, judging from BOD, COD and $NH_4$-N of the irrigation water. 3. Nitrogen supply by irrigated water for a year were 6.82Kg/10a, 5.98Kg/10a, 6.64Kg/10a, 2.31kg/10a, 6.22Kg/10a and 2.54Kg/10a in Daejeo, Sikman, Bongrim, Myeongji and Noksan area, respectively. 4. Positive correlation was observed between ammonium nitrogen of the water and total nitrogen contents of rice plant. Total nitrogen contents of rice plant were higher in Sikman, Borgim and Noksan area than in the other areas.