Biological Control of Malaria Vector (Anopheles sinensis Wied.) by Combined Use of Larvivorous Fish (Aplocheilus latipes) and Herbivorous Hybrid (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) and Herbivorous Hybrid (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) in Rice Paddies of Korea

천적포식어 (Aplocheilus latipes)와 식식성 어류 (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) 의 병합적 처리에 의한 논에 서식하는 말라리아 매개모기 (Anopheles sinensis Wied.) 의 생물학적 방제

  • 유효석 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 이준학 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 1989.12.01

Abstract

A combined field release of indigenous larvivoroug fish (Aplocheilus latipes) and hybrid herbivore (Tilapia mossambicus miloticus) was conducted to determine the effectiveness of biological control, in particular, against malaria vector (anopheles sinensis), breeding in weedy habitat of rice fields at the University rice paddies at Suwon during the period of June through September in 1988. A combined fish introduction at the release rate of 2.0 fish per $M^{2}$ for Aplocheilus and 1-pair $10M^{2}$ water surface for Tilapia resuited in 70.8% Anopheles larval reducton in a week period, the rates of rontrol increased to 73. 5% and 80.2% in 4th and 5th week respectively after the fish introdurtion, maintaining mosquito suppression in range of 80~82% control after the 5th week against Anopheles and Culex spp. combined. In a single fish treatment with Aplocheilus at 2.0 $fish/M^{2}$ release rate, Anopheles larval reduction ranged on the average 51.4~56.5%in 4 wrek period which was later integratpd with B.t.i. (Rl53.78) treatment at 1.0 kg/ha dosage rate to suppress vector mosquito population down and the the results was compared with that of combined fish introdurtion.