Stratigraphy and Petrology of the Volcanic mass in the Chilpo-Weolpo Area, the north of Pohang basin, Korea

포항분지(浦項盆地) 북부(北部)(칠포(七浦)-월포(月浦)일원)에 분포(分布)하는 화산암류(火山岩類)에 대한 암석학적(岩石學的)·층서적(層序的) 연구(硏究)

  • 윤성효 (부산대학교 지구과학과)
  • Published : 1988.04.30


The purpose of this study is to determine the stratigraphy of the volcanic rocks in the Chilpo-Weolpo area, the north of Pohang basin, based on field survey and lithological properties of the rocks. The volcanic pile(Chilpo tuff) overlies the Cretaceous sedimentary formation and is unconformably overlain by the Miocene Yeonil Group. The Chilpo tuff comprises a thick sequence(>200m) of pyroclastic flow deposits. Five members are distinguished, each representing separate flow units, comprising none(or weakly) to densely welded rhyolite tuff. The Chilpo tuff consists of, in ascending order, greenish weakly welded tuff, volcanic conglomerate, alternation of tuff breccias and fine tuffs, greenish none to densely welded tuff and red-brownish densely to weakly welded vitric tuff. This study revealed that the volcanic rocks in this area were formed by 4 volcanic stages. On the basis of K-Ar age($44.7{\pm}1.1\;Ma$) and lithologic data, geological age of the Chilpo tuff may be Eocene.