The Thickness Effect on the Determination of Fracture Toughness Jic

파괴인성치 Jic 결정에 대한 시험편 두께의 영향에 관한 연구

  • 고성위
  • Published : 1988.06.01


Recent Experimental results show that the J integral can be effectively used to obtain a valid parameter for predicting plane strain and plane stress fracture. However, only a few research results have been reported for the effect of thickness where the plane strain state can not be assumed. A purpose of this study is to find the behavior of fracture touhness and tearing modulus varing the specimen thickness. The type of specimen in the present study is compact tension (CT). The thicknesses of the low carbon steel specimens that are used in the experiments are 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25mm. The measurement of crack length is taken by optical measurements method. From the study, the followings are found; 1) The fracture toughness and the tearing modulus which are obtained by using Yoon's and Simpson's formula show more conservative than that by using Rice's and Merkel's. 2) The fracture toughness is increase in specimen thickness which is reached 15mm. Beyond this thickness the fracture toughness is decreased in specimen thickness. 3) In the case of CT specimen with the thickness ranging from 5 to 25mm, the tearing modulus which is applied the same J integral equation is almost constant. 4) By using Yoon's formula, the correlation of the plane slress fracture toughness J sub(C) with specimen thickness B is expressed as the following formula. J sub(C)/J sub(IC)=1.7-15.1(B/W)+112.9(B/W) super(2) -301.3(B/W) super(3) +260.6(B/W) super(4)