Gastrointestinal Carriage of Escherichia coli with Hemagglutination Activity and Colonization Factor Antigen I and its Relation to Diarrhea

Mannose-resistant Hemagglutination(MRHA) 및 Colonization Factor Antigen I(CFA I)을 표현하는 대장균의 장관내 존재와 설사증 발현과의 관계

  • Ro, Sung-Hyun (Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Kim, Kyung-Hee (Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Cho, Yaug-Ja (Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University) ;
  • Suh, Inn-Soo (Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Hanyang University)
  • 노승현 (한양대학교 의과대학 미생물학교실) ;
  • 김경희 (한양대학교 의과대학 미생물학교실) ;
  • 조양자 (한양대학교 의과대학 미생물학교실) ;
  • 서인수 (한양대학교 의과대학 미생물학교실)
  • Published : 1987.06.30

Abstract

Colonization factor antigen I(CFA I) has been shown to be one of several virulence factors that promote attachment of enterotoxigenic E. coli(ETEC) to small intestinal epithelial cells of humans. The ability of ETEC to produce mannose-resistant hemagglutination(MRHA) of human blood group A has been used to detect CFA I. To determine gastrointestinal carriage in Korean children of E. coli with MRHA and CFA I, 116 strains of E. coli from diarrheal children admitted to Hanyang University Hospital were examined for MRHA of human erythrocytes and the presence of CFA I. Of 45 ETEC strains, 18(40%) gave a positive MRHA($MRHA^+$) and eight(18%) were positive for CFA I(CFA $I^+$). ETEC with CFA I were all heat-stable enterotoxin(ST) producers and two of these strains were of serogroups $O_{25}$. Of 17 classic enteropathogenic E. coli(EPEC), 7(41%) were $MRHA^+$ but all were negative for CFA I(CFA $I^-$). Of 30 enteroadherent E. coli(EAEC) strains, 11(37%) were $MRHA^+$ and one was CFA $I^+$. Of 24 nonpathogenic E. coli, 4(17%) were $MRHA^+$ but all were CFA $I^-$. It was shown that MRHA was common in all strains of E. coli, CFA I was limited only to ST producing ETEC and EAEC; although MRHA is a useful screening procedure, serologic tests seem to be necessary to comfirm CFA I production. CFA I was associated with a lower proportion of ETEC isolates in Korea than has been reported for other locations.