Effects of Paper Sludge Application on the Chemical Properties of Paddy Soil and Growth of Paddy Rice II. Effects of Paper Sludge Application on the Seasonal Variations of Humus in Paddy Soil

제지(製紙)슬러지의 시용(施用)이 논 토양(土壤)의 화학성(化學性)과 수도생육(水稻生育)에 미치는 영향(影響) II. 토양중(土壤中) 부식형태(腐植形態)에 미치는 슬러지의 영향(影響)

  • Heo, Jong-Soo (College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Kim, Kwang-Sik (College of Agriculture, Chonnam National University)
  • Published : 1986.06.30


To investigate the effects of paper sludge on the seasonal variations of soil humus, paper sludges were applied to the pots at the rates of 600㎏/10a which was either preadjusted C/N ratio to 30 : 1 or not adjusted. The effects were compared with those of control. 1) The contents of ether soluble materials, resins, water soluble polysaccharides, hemicellulose, cellulose, ligno-protein, humic acid and fulvic acid were higher in the sludge treated soil than in the control, furthermore, the content of ligno-protein had positive correlation with that of organic nitrogen in soil. 2) Optical density of UV and visible spectra of humic acid obtained from all the treated soil was decreased with increasing wavelength. In functional groups of humic acid, phenolic-OH/alcoholic-OH ratio was slightly higher in the sludge treated soil than in the control. The types of humic acid in all treated soil were P and Rp types. 3) The infrared spectra of humic acid extracted from the soil were characterized by main absorption bands in the regions of $3, 400cm^{-1}$(H-bonded OH), $2,900cm^{-1}$ (aliphatic C-H stretching), $1,630cm^{-1}$ (aromatic C=C and/or H-bonded C=O) and $1,050cm^{-1}$ (Si-O of silicate impurity).