Interspecific Variation in the Protoplast Formation of the Genus Cellulomonas

Cellulomonas속 종간의 원형질체 형성조건의 차이에 대하여

  • Lee, Eun-Ju (Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Ewha Womans University) ;
  • Bae, Moo (Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Ewha Womans University)
  • 이은주 (이화여자대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 배무 (이화여자대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1986.06.01

Abstract

In order to develope interspecific fusion of the genus Cellulomonas capable of assimilation cellulose, the optimun conditions for the protoplast formation was investigated to examine the susceptibility of cell wall, between different species of the same genus using scanning electron microscope. The variation in the susceptibilities of Cellulomonas sp. CS 1-1 and C. flavigena to lysozyme treatment were considerably remarkable, although they belong to the same genus. The rate of protoplast formation of CS1-1 was 99.9% being treated with lysozyme $(100{\mu}g/ml)$ for 30 minute and that of C. flavigena was about 80% being treated at the concentration of $600{\mu}g/ml$ of lysozyme for 6 hours. The susceptibility of cell wall to the lysozyme treatment on protoplast formation of the strain, CS1-1 seems not to be depend on the cultural periods of cells. On the contrary, that of C. flavigena was considerably depend on the periods. Cells of C. flavigena at mid exponential phase could be more efficiently converted to protoplast cells than those at late exponential phase be done. The rate of the protoplast formation was 95%, when cells of C. flavigena at mid exponential phase were treated with lysozyme $600{\mu}g/ml$ for 6 hours and observed by SEM. In the evalution of protoplast formation of the CS1-1 results of counting method in plate after osmotic shock treatment were similar to the results of the direct observation method by means of SEM. But in the case of C. flavigena the latter method was much more reliable than the former, because the differences between the number of spheroplasts and protoplasts were not able to figure out on conuting the number of protoplast after osmotic shock tretment.

Keywords

Cellulomonas protoplast