Carbon Monoxide Dehydrogenase in Cell Extracts of an Acinetobacter Isolate

Acinetobacter sp.1의 일산화탄소 산화효소의 특성

  • 조진원 (연세대학교 이과대학 생물학과) ;
  • 김영민 (연세대학교 이과대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1986.06.01

Abstract

Extracts of CO-autotrophically grown cells of Acinetobacter sp. 1 were shown to use thionin, methylene blue, or 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol, but not NAD, NADP, FAD, or FMN, as electron acceptors for the oxidation of CO under strictly anaerobic conditions. The CO dehydrogenase (CO-DH) in the thes bacterium was found to be an inducible enzyme. The enzyme activity was determined by an assay based on the CO-dependent reduction of thionin. Maximal reaction rates were found at pH 7.5 and $60^{\circ}C$, and the Arrhenius plot revealed an activation energy of 6.1 kcal/mol(25.5kJ/mol). THe $K_m$ m/ for CO was $154{\mu}M$. Known metalchelating agents tested had no effects on the CO-DH activity. No divalent cations tested affect the enzyme activity significantly escept $Cu^{2+}$ which suppressed the activity completely. The enzyme was inhibited by glucose and succinate. The same extracts catalyzed oxidation of hydrogen gas and formate with thionin as electron acceptor. The CO-DH of Acinetobacter sp. 1 was to have no immunological relationship with that of Pseudomonas carboxydohydrogena.