Sulfur and Carbon Isotope Studies of Principal Metallic Deposits in the Metallogenic Province of the Taebaeg Mt. Region, Korea

태백산지구(太白山地區)의 금속광상(金屬鑛床)에 대(對)한 유황(硫黃) 및 탄소안정동위체(炭素安定同位體)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

  • 이문성 (서울대학교 사범대학 지구과학과)
  • Published : 1985.06.30


The sulfide and carbonate mineral samples for sulfur and carbon isotope studies were collected from Sangdong, Geodo, Yeonhwa, Shinyemi and Janggun mines which are distributed in the Metallogenetic Province of the Taebaeg Mt. Region. The ${\delta}S^{34}$ values of molybdenite, pyrite, arsenopyrite, pyrrhotite, chalcopyrite, sphalerite and galena from the above mines are similar and within the range of +1.66 to +6.77‰ with the exception of chalcopyrite from Geodo mine ranging from -1.58 to 1.96‰, while the sulfide minerals are dominated by positive values between +3.05 and +5.08‰. It is suggested that the major sulfur source is genetically related to the Cretaceous granitic activity. The average ${\delta}C^{13}$ values of calcite from limestone, calcite from calcite vein in ore bodies and granite, and rhodochrosite from ore bodies are -0.60‰, -2.69‰ and -6.00‰, respectively. The data on carbon isotope compositions indicate that the calcite from limestone originated in marine environment, the rhodochrosite in hydrothermal solution, and calcite from calcite vein and granite in the mixing condition of marine and hydrothermal waters. The temperatures of mineralization by the sulfur isotopic composition coexisting pyrite-pyrrhotite from Yeonhwa No.1, sphalerite-galena from Weolam and Dong-jeom of Yeonhwa No.1 mine, sphalerite-galena and pyrite-galena from Janggun mine were $273^{\circ}C$, $460{\sim}511^{\circ}C$, $561{\sim}690^{\circ}C$, $341^{\circ}C$ and $375^{\circ}C$, respectively.