R-plasmids in staphylococcus aureus

Staphylococcus aureus의 항생제 내성 plasmid에 관한 연구

  • 변우현 (강원대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 김영선 (강원대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 조은희 (강원대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 권동현 (강원대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 이호주 (강원대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 홍순주 (강원대학교 생화학과)
  • Published : 1985.12.01

Abstract

Small size antibiotic resistance plasmids having molecular weights less than 10 Mdal were isolated and characterized from ten clinically isolated multiple resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Agarose gel electrophoresis profiles and antibiotic resistance patterns divided these strains into four groups. Strain 2-23-6, the representative strain of a group of five strains conferred two plasmids of molecular weights $1.6{\times}10^6\;dal\;and\;2.0{\times}10^6$ dal. The small plasmid (pSBK 112) specified macrolides, lincosamides and streptogramin type B (MLS) resistance gene which are expressed constitutively. Lage plasmid (pSBK 125) specified chloramphenicol resistance gene which is inducible. Strain 10-5 conferred a $3.0{\times}10^6$ dal plasmid (pSBK 141) which carry an inducible ampicillin resistance gene and strain P-H-2 conferred and $1.6{\times}10^6$ dal plasmid (pSBK 190) which carry a constitutive MLS resistance gene. Strain D-H-1 conferred four plasmids of molecular weights $0.8{\times}10^6$ dal (pSBK 201), $1.6{\times}10^6$ dal (pSBK 202), $2.5{\times}10^6$ dal (pSBK 203), and $1.2{\times}10^7$ dal (pDBK 204), respectively. Among those four plasmids, only pSBK 203 specified chloramphenicol resistance gene. Curing of constitutive MLS resistance using acriding orange or ethidium bromide in 2-23-6 and P-H-2 strains produced 'inducible' MLS resistance strains which are less resistant to MLS than the wild type strains, suggesting that there are two resistance genes in both strains; one is constitutive and the other is inducible.

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