Purification and partial characterization of bacillus thuringiensis var.thuringiensis exotoxin

Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis가 생산하는 .betha.-exotoxin의 정제와 특성

  • 심창범 (건국대학교 생물학과 유전공학연구소) ;
  • 이형환 (건국대학교 생물학과 유전공학연구소) ;
  • 이희무 (안동대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1985.12.01


Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis produces an extracellular insecticidal thermostable .betha.-exotoxin, which was purified through microfiltering, barium precipitation, charcoal absorption chromatography, ion exchange column chromatography and gel filtration. The exotoxin in each purification step was detedted by thin layer chromatography, high pressure liquid chromatography and paper electrophoresis with efficient results. The exotoxin productivity on time course was checked by spectrophotometric absorbance at 258nm with the result that the exotoxin was initially produced in 6 hour culture and reached maximum value in 36 hour culture. Anti-bacterial effect test on Micrococcus flava was applied as toxicity test. The results showed that frowth inhibition of M. flava could be shown in plate assay of cell free filtered supernatant, alkaline eluant from charcoal and purified exotosin obtained from gel filtration column chromatography on Sephadex G-10 appeared to be 740. Heat stability of the exotoxin was confirmed through autoclaving twice.