Studies on the Morphology and Biology of a Parasitic Mite, Pyemotes tritici L.-F. & M. on the Cigarette Beetle(Lasioderma serricorne F.).

Pyemotes tritici L.-F. & M. 궐련벌레살이주머니응애의 형태(形態)와 생활사(生活史)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

  • Oh, M.H. (Korea Ginseng and Tobacco Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, S.S. (Korea Ginseng and Tobacco Research Institute) ;
  • Boo, K.S. (Dept. of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University)
  • 오명희 (한국인삼연초연구소) ;
  • 김상석 (한국인삼연초연구소) ;
  • 부경생 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 1985.04.30

Abstract

Studies were made on the morphology and life cycle of the mite, Pyemotes tritici $Lagr{\acute{e}}z$-Fossot & $Montagn{\acute{e}}$ (Trombidiformes; Pyemotidea) ,parasitic on larvae of cigarette beetle, Lasioderma serricorne F., which is one of the most serious pests of stored tobacco, cigar, and cigarette in Korea. One generation time was $20.9{\pm}0.7$ days out of which $9.5{\pm}0.3$ days were spent for feeding and $10.3{\pm}0.8$ days for reproduction of progenies. A female of this insect-parasitic mite produced $56.7{\pm}6.9$ progenies during her reproduction period. The body size of a newly-laid male or female was $280{\mu}m$ long and $85{\mu}m$ wide. As female of this mite sucked on, their abdomen grew larger and larger to reach $825{\mu}m$ in width and $0.346mm^3$ in volume after $9{\sim}10$ days. By sucking the humor of a host, the abdomen of a female mite became almost a global shape in two days. The increase rate of abdominal width was the biggest on the second or the third day of feeding while the volume of abdomen reached to the largest on $6{\sim}8$ days after feeding. The largest number of the daily young produced on 4-th day after a female began to reproduce.

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