Assessment of Natural Radiation Exposure by Means of Gamma-Ray Spectrometry and Thermoluminescence Dosimetry

감마선분광분석(線分光分析) 및 열형광검출법(熱螢光檢出法)에 의한 자연방사선(自然放射線)의 선량측정연구(線量測定硏究)

  • Jun, Jae-Shik (Department of Physics, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Hi-Peel (Department of Physics, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Choi, Chul-Kyu (Department of Physics, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Heon-Jin (Department of Physics, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Ha, Chung-Woo (Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute)
  • Published : 1985.12.20

Abstract

A study for the assessment of natural environmental radiation exposure at a flat and open field of about $10,000m^2$ in area in CNU Daeduk campus has been carried out by means of gamma-ray scintillation spectrometry and thermoluminescence dosimetry for one year period of time from October 1984. The detectors used were 3'${\phi}{\times}$3' NaI(T1) and two different types of LiF TLD, namely, chip sealed in plastic sheet which tightly pressed on two open holes of a metal plate and Teflon disk. Three 24-hour cycles of in-situ spectrometry, and two 3-month and one 1-month cycles of field TL dosimetry were performed. All the spectra measured were converted into exposure rate by means of G(E) opertaion, and therefrom exposure rate due to terrestrial component of environmental radiation was figured out. Exposure rate determined by the spectrometry was, on average, $(10.54{\pm}2.96){\mu}R/hr$, and the rates of $(12.0{\pm}3.4){\mu}R/hr$ and $(11.0{\pm}3.6){\mu}R/hr$ were obtained from chip and disk TLD, respectively. Fluctuations in diurnal variation of the exposure rate measured by the spectrometry were noticeable sometime even in a single cycle of 24 hours. It is concluded that appropriately combined use of TLD with iu-sitn gamma-ray spectrometry system can give more accurate and precise measure of environmental radiation exposure, and further study for more adequate and sensitive TLD for environmental dosimetry, including improvement and elevation of accuracy in data assessment through inter-laboratory or international intercomparison is necessary.

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