Establishment of Release Limits for Airborne Effluent into the Environment Based on ALARA Concept

ALARA 개념(槪念)에 의한 기체상방사성물질(氣體狀放射性物質)의 환경방출한도(環境放出限度) 설정(設定)

  • Lee, Byung-Ki (Department of Physics, Kang Won National University) ;
  • Cha, Moon-Hoe (Department of Physics, Kang Won National University) ;
  • Nam, Soon-Kwon (Department of Physics, Kang Won National University) ;
  • Chang, Si-Young (Health Physics Division, Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Ha, Chung-Woo (Health Physics Division, Korea Advanced Energy Research Institute)
  • 이병기 (강원대학교, 물리학과) ;
  • 차문회 (강원대학교, 물리학과) ;
  • 남순권 (강원대학교, 물리학과) ;
  • 장시영 (한국에너지연구소 방사선안전관리실) ;
  • 하정우 (한국에너지연구소 방사선안전관리실)
  • Published : 1985.06.30


A derivation of new release limit, named Derived Release Limit(DRL), into the atomsphere from a reference nuclear power plant has been performed on the basis of the new system of dose limitation recommended by the ICRP, instead of the (MPC)a limit which has been currently used until now as a general standard for radioactive effluents in Korea. In DRL Calculation, a Concentration Factor Method was applied, in which the concentrations of long-term routinely released radionuclides were in equilibrium with dose in environment under the steady state condition. The analytical model used in the exposure pathway analysis was the one which has been suggested by the USNRC and the exposure limits applied in this analysis were those recommended by the USEPA lately. In the exposure pathway analysis, all of the pathways are not considered and some may be excluded either because they are not applicable or their contribution to the exposure is insignificant compared with other pathways. In case, the environmental model developed in this study was applied to the Kori nuclear power plant as the reference power plant, the highest DRL value was calculated to be as $9.10{\times}10^6Ci/yr$ for Kr-85 in external whole body exposure from the semi-infinite radioactive cloud, while the lowest DRL value was observed 3.64Ci/yr for Co-60 in external whole body exposure from the contaminated ground, by the radioactive particulates. The most critical exposure pathway to an individual in the unrestricted area of interest (Kilchun-Ri, 1.3 km to the north of the release point) seems to be the exposure pathway from the contaminated ground and the most critical radionuclide in all pathways appears to be Co-60 in the same pathway. When comparing the actual release rate from KNU-l in 1982 with the DRL's obtained here the release of radionuclides from KNU-1 were much lower than the DRL's and it could be conclued that the exposure to an individual had been kept below the exposure limits recommended by the USEPA.