Studies on the Developments of the Overwintering Peach Fruit Moth, Carposina niponensis Walsingham

복숭아심식나방 월동유충의 발육에 관한 연구

  • Lee S.W. (Institute of agricultural Sciences) ;
  • Hyun J.S. (College of Agricultural, Seoul National University) ;
  • Park J.S. (Institute of agricultural Sciences)
  • Published : 1984.03.01

Abstract

The developments of overwintering larvae of the peach fruit moth, Carposina niponensis Walsingham, were studied in Suweon. Among fully grown larvae leaving from apple fruit, the earliest diapause larva was observed late July, about $50\%-diapause$ in middle August and $100\%-diapause$ in early September. Induction of the diapause seemed to have relationships with the time of oviposition: the incidents of the diapause started with the larvae grown from the eggs which had been laid in late June or late July depending on the prevailing weather condition. The termination of the diapause seemed to be in early December, and almost all of the larvae incubated after January were pupated. For the breakage of the diapause, it required chilling period more than one month, and the most effective temperature seemed to be $5\~10^{\circ}C$, while the temperature lower than $0^{\circ}C$ seemed to be inhibitory, if not at all. The overwintered larvae started to pupate in middle May, and the developments of the over-wintered larvae were affected by the temperature as well as the moisture contents of soil in the spring. The dry condition of soil increased the mortality of the developing larvae.

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