Effects of Soil Solarization for Control of Cucumber Wilt -Suppression of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerium and Promotin of Cucumber Growth-

태양열 소독에 의한 오이덩굴쪼김병 방제 -병원균 생장억제 및 오이생육촉진에 미치는 비닐 피복효과-

  • 박창석 (경상대학교 농과대학 식물보호학과)
  • Published : 1984.03.01


The effects of solarization on the suppression of soilborne plant pathogen and the growth promotion of cucumber plants were examined in artificially infested soil by vinyl mulching and not mulching from July 25 to August 25, 1983. During the solarization period, the highest temperatures were $58^{\circ}C,\;45^{\circ}C,\;and\;42^{\circ}C$, at 5cm, 15cm, and 25cm of soil depth respectively. The inoculum of cucumber wilt pathogen, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum, was mixed with soil 30cm deep and saturated with water. The pathogen was completely killed after 30dys of solarization in 5cm soil depth and 98 percent of inoculum was eliminated in 15cm soil depth. But the survival rate of the fungi in 25cm soil depth of solarized plot did not show significant differences compared with those in nontreated plot in 5cm and 15cm depth. Although some of the pathogenic fungi might survive from solarized soil in 15cm and 25cm depth, the ability of microconidia production was reduced significantly The number of microconidia grown on Komada's medium in isolates the primary colonies from solarized soil was less than that in isolates from nontreated soil approximately by one fourth. The first subcultured solates from the solarized soil grown on potato dextrose agar also produced a small amount of microc. onidia compare with that of subcultured isolates from nontreated soil. Cucumber seedlings planted in the soil collected from solarized plot grew much better than that in the soil from nontreated plot at any of soil loved, especially in 5cm of soil depth. And the fruits harvested from cucumber plants grown in the solarized plot were more in number and leavier in weight than that from nontreated plot. Besides the typical symptom development, significant growth suppression wvas recognized with increase of inoculum density of F. oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum at early stage of cucumber seedlings in steam sterilized soil.