Lapse Rate of Air Temperature and Optimizing Rice Cultivation Period in the Taebaek Mountainous Area

태백(太白) 산간지방(山間地方)에서의 기온체감율(氣溫遞減率)과 수도(水稻) 안전작기설정(安全作期設定)

  • Published : 1984.09.25


The lapse rate of air temperature with respect to the elevation in the Taebaek Mountainous area was calculated and its application to recommendation for the safe cropping period in rice cultivation was attempted. The data for three sites of elevations at 300, 540 and 832-m above sea level were collected from the Regional Rural Guidance Office of Pyungchang Gun. The lapse rate ranged from $0.53^{\circ}C$ per 100-m elevation on January to $1.02^{\circ}C$ on March with average of $0.69^{\circ}C$. The estimated period of possible rice cropping decreased by the rate of 7 to 8 days per 100-m elevation. The rice variety requiring the cumulative temperature of $1800^{\circ}C$ such as Taeback-byo in Jinbu area could be cultivated below 300-m of altitude under the Taebaek Mountainous climatic condition. The variety requiring the cumulative temperature of $1400^{\circ}C$ such as Songjeon-byo could be adaptable up to the 500-m altitude for safe cultivation.