Effect of Seed-Fertilizer Distance with Soil Moisture and Fertilizer Application Levels on the Emergence and Initial Growth of Barley

토양수분(土壤水分) 및 시비량(施肥量)에 따른 종자(種子)와 비료(肥料)의 수직거리(垂直距離)가 보리 출아(出芽) 및 초기생육(初期生育)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Published : 1984.09.25

Abstract

In order to study the effect of seed-fertilizer vertical distance with soil moisture and fertilizer levels on the emergence and initial growth, barley cv. Olbori was seeded in the pots filled with sandy loam or loamy sand soils which were adjusted to 80-100% (higher soil moisture) or 50-60% (lower soil moisture) of soil moisture retention percent at 1/10 atmosphere tension. Prior to seeding of barley seed-fertilizer distance was appropriately controlled by adding soils after dressing fertilizer at three levels-normal application ($N:P_2O_5:K_2O=6-9-7kg/10a$), 50% increase of normal dose and double application. In addition, germination experiment was conducted in the various concentrations of fertilizer solutions under room temperature. The results are summarized as follows; 1. Seed-fertilizer vertical distance must be more than three centimeters to avoid from the decrease and retardation of emergence and poor initial growth of bareley by fertilizer application. 2. Emergence of barley more decreased and retarded in sandy soils than loamy soils and was decelerated with increase of application rate in fertilizer and decrease of soil moisture content. 3. Germination rate remarkably decrease from 0.4 percent of nitrogen solution and 0.5 percent of potassium solution and reached zero at 2.3 and 2.4 percent of nitrogen and potassium solutions, respectively. 4. Germination of seeds affected by concentrated fertilizer solutions was remarkably recovered with dilution degree of fertilizer solution.

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