The Effect of Soil Conditioners on the Growth of Rice and Soil Properties of Sandy Paddy Soils

수종객토원(數種客土源) 처리(處理)에 의(依)한 사질답토양(砂質畓土壤)의 특성변화(特性變化)와 수도생육(水稻生育)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Published : 1984.09.25

Abstract

Four kinds of soil conditioners, such as red earth, clayey tidal deposit, silty tidal deposit and tertiary deposit were evaluated for the rice growth and for the effectiveness of soil improvement in sandy paddy soil (Gangseo series) whose percolation and nutrient leaching are usually severe. Experiment was conducted at the farmer's field in Hackpo Ri, Bugog Myeon, Changyeong Gun, Gyeong Nam Province for two years (1980-1981) with using two rice varieties, Milyang 42 for 1980 and cheongcheongbyeo for 1981. For both experimental years, the grain yields were increased on the plots that were treated with soil conditioners compared with nontreated plot. The increase in grain yield was particularly high on the plots treated with clayey tidal deposit and teritary deposit. The dry weight of the plant and the uptake amount of inorganic ingredient tended to increase on the plots of clayey tidal deposit and tertiary deposit during whole rice growing season because of the residual effect of soil conditioners in the second experimental year. Cation exchange capacity, available silicate, exchangeable potassium and active iron was increased by the treatment with the soil conditoners. Especially cation exchange capacity was highest in the tertiary deposit treatment plot. Aggregation content and plastic index were increased for the all treatment plots with soil conditioner, however, hydraulic conductivity was conspicuously decreased by the tertiary deposit and clayey tidal deposit treatments.

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