The Relationship between the Fishing Grounds and Oceanographic Condition Associated with Fluctuation of Mackerals Catches in the East China Sea

고등어 어획량 변동에 따른 동지나해의 어장과 해황

  • Jo, Gyu-Dae ;
  • Hong, Cheol-Hun ;
  • Kim, Yong-Mun
  • 조규대 ;
  • 홍철훈 ;
  • 김용문
  • Published : 1984.06.01


The secular fluctuations of catches and fishing grounds of mackerals and the oceanographic conditions for the fishing grounds are examined by using the data of catches of mackerals by middle and large class purse-seiner during 1951 to 1981 and those of oceanographic observation carried out by Japan Meteorological Agency. The results are as follows; The fishing grounds of mackerals are respectively distributed at northeastern and southwestern areas from the central part of the East China Sea through every season of the studied years: 1968, 1974 and 1980. The narrow belt type of fishing grounds were formed inside of the Kuroshio in spring and winter of the three years. In summer mackeral species move northward and the fishing grounds are formed in the southern sea of Korea. In winter, however, mackeral species move southward and the fishing grounds are appeared in the Tsushima Current region. The dispersion of fishing grounds is generally larger in summer and smaller in spring, and especially it is the largest in summer in 1980. It seems that the concentration and dispersion of fishing grounds are related to the depth of thermocline and the position of horizontal temperature gradient in this area.