Measurement of Backscattering Cross Sections of Live Fish

활어의 후방산란 단면적 측정

  • Published : 1984.03.01


The backscattering cross sections of live fish and the probability density function of fish echoes were measured at side aspect. The measurements were made at 40 and 170 in KHz. The specimen fishes on the experiments were two catfish-total length of 16.8cm(L/λ is about 4.5, where the L is length, the λ is the sound wavelength) and 23cm(L/λ, ~6.1), a carp(Cyprinus carpio) of 17.5cm(L/λ, ~4.7), a Telapia(Tilapia mossambica)of 19.5cm(L/λ, ~5.2) and several fishes. Those lengths ranged from 10.7 to 24.0cm. The results of the measured maximum backscattering cross sections were 5.62$\times$10 super(-5) to 7.23$\times$10 super(-4) m super(2). Huang and clay reported that, when the fish was moving gently, the probaiblity density function of the fish echces was approximately the same with the Rayleigh probability density function. Thereafter Ehrenberg et al. also reported that the Rayleigh probability density function on fish was performed at the critical acoustic length ratio or more in theoretical base. Recently Dahl and Mathisen tested the Rayleigh probability density function on fish when the fish-length-to-wavelength ratios were greater than 100. In this paper the experimental result was also not accorded with the Rayleigh probability density function when the fish-length-to-wavelength rations were lower than the critical ratio.