Comparative Study on the Committed Dose Equivalent for Adults and Infants

예탁선양치(預託線量値)에서 본 성인(成人)과 유아(幼兒)와의 비교연구(比較硏究)

  • Sung, Kye-Yong (Department of Nuclar Engineering, Han Yang Univ.) ;
  • Yook, Chong-Chul (Department of Nuclar Engineering, Han Yang Univ.)
  • 성계용 (한양대학교) ;
  • Published : 1984.12.15

Abstract

Weighted committed dose equivalents($W_T\;H_{50}$) per intake of unit activity of four nuclides-I-131, I-133, Cs-134 and Cs-137-, which was based on the concepts of ICRP Pub. 30, are calculated for adult who is 70 kg and 25 years old and, for infant who is 10 kg and 1 year old. Metabolism of iodine taken through oral or inhalation pathway is described by using the three-compartment model which consists of inorganic, thyroid and organic compartment. After intake, the amount of iodine in every compartment is calculated by solving the transfer equations among the these compartments. As soon as caesium is taken into the body, it is distributed uniformly in the body through the transfer compartment. In this case, the amount of caesium in total body is calculated by using the total body compartment model which is divided into two tissue compartments because of their different biological half-lifes of caesium in body. As a result of calculations, whether oral or inhalation pathway, the values of ($W_T\;H_{50}$) per intake of unit activity of I-131 for infants are about ten times as much as those of adults. On the other hand, for Cs-134 and Cs-137, the values of $W_T\;H_{50}$ per intake of unit activity show that, whether adults of infants, they have almost the same values.

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