The Inactivation Effects of UV Light on Bacteriophage f2

박테리오파지 f2에 대한 자외광선의 살균효과

  • Kim, Chi-Kyung (Dept. of Biology and Dept. of Chemistry Chungbuk National University) ;
  • Quae Chae (Dept. of Biology and Dept. of Chemistry Chungbuk National University)
  • Published : 1983.09.01

Abstract

The effects of ultraviolet light on bacteriophage f2 were investigated to determine the inactivation kinetics and its mechanism. The 260nm light showed a little higher inactivation rate than the one of 300 nm. In this work, our main concern was whether structural and/or conformational changes in the protein capsid could occur by UV irradiation. The inactivation for the first 20 minutes irradiation was rapid with a loss of about 4 logs and followed by a slower rate during the next 40 minutes with no survival noted in the samples irradiated for 90 minutes or longer. The structural change of the protein capsid was examined by optical spectroscopic techniques and electron microscopy. The absorption spectra of the UV irradiated phages showed no detectable differences in terms of the spectral shape and intensity from the control phage. However, the fluorescence emission spectroscopic data, i.e. 1) fluorescence quenching of tryptophan residues upon irradiation of 300 nm light, 2) enhancement of fluorescence emission of ANS (8-aniline-1-naphthalene sulfonate) bound to the intact phages compared to the one in the UV-treated phages, and 3) decrease of energy transfer efficiency from tryptophan to ANS in the UV-treated samples, presented remarkable differences between the intact and UV-treated phages. Such a structural alteration was also observed by electron microscopy The UV-treated phages appeared to be broken and empty capsids. Therefore, the inactivation of the bacteriophage f2 by UV irradiation is thought to be attributed to the structural change in the protein capsid as well as damage in the viral RNA by UV irradiation.

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