Studies on Methanol-assimilating Yeasts

메탄올 자화효모에 관한 연구

  • 전순배 (전남대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1981.12.01


The distribution of methanol-assimilating yeasts on three different sources (elm bark, soil and fresh-water mud) and the growth conditions of a new strain of Candidaboidinii (SIO) wereexamines. From 150 samples, 91 methanol yeasts were isolated through enrichment culture ; they were identified as 77 strains of Candida boidinii including four new strains, 5 isolates of Torulopsis pinus, 3 strains of Hansenula polymorpha and one sstrain of Pichia pastoris respectively. The comparison of these yeasts with three sources indicated that decaying bark of elm tree other two, and that Gandida boidinii was most frequently distributed in all three sources. Four new strains of Candida boidinii were freshly isolated and their taxonomical properties were discussed. Of them, SIO strain was selected and characterized for its growth on methanol. This yeast could grow well on less than 1%(v/v) methanol. However, its growth was inhibited at 10% methanol. The cell yield was 3.1g (dry weight) per 1000ml of mineral mediurr, containing 1%(v/v) methanol as well as 01.% yeast extract as additive. The concentration of 0.1% yeast extract appears to be effective for the biomass production. Optimum conditions for growth on methanol was found to be : $28^{\circ}C,\;NH_4^+$ as nitrogen sources, thiamine as vitamin, and pH 4.5 to 6.0. The cell composition was as follows : crude protein and nucleic acids were 54% and 7% respectively. The amino acids were also described.