Effect of Rice Straw Amendment and Repeated Application of Diazinon on the Persistence of Diazinon in Submerged Soils

생고시용(生藁施用)과 Diazinon의 운용(運用)이 토양중(土壤中) Diazinon의 분해(分解)에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Published : 1981.03.31

Abstract

Studios on the effects of rice straw amendments, soil autoclaving and repeated application related to disappearance of diazinon (diethyl 2-isopropyl -4-methyl -6-pyrimidinyl phosphorothionate) in submerged soils and paddy water were conducted under the laboratory conditions. Degradation of diazinon was slightly accelerated by the amendment of rice straw. The amended soil had 2.4 days shorter half life for diazinon than unamended soil. By autoclaving soils, diazinon degradation was greatly inhibited. The autoclaved soil had about 20 days longer half life for diazinon than the non-autoclaved soil. After repeated application of diazinon granules to the submerged soils, rapid degradation of the insecticide occured in flooded soils and paddy water. The development of diazinon degrading factors in flooded soils and paddy water after repeated application was roughly proportional to the increase of the frequency of diazinon application. By autoclaving soils and paddy water which received repeated application of diazinon, no rapid biodegradation of the insecticide occurred during the 30 days incubation period.

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