Effects of Fungicides on Sporulation of Apple Leaf Spot Alternaria mali Roberts

사과 반점낙엽병의 포자형성에 대한 살균제의 효과

  • LEE Chang Un (College of Agriculture and Animal Science, Yeungnam University) ;
  • KIM Moon Ho (College of Agriculture, Kyungpook National University)
  • Published : 1980.09.01

Abstract

Regardless of the kind of the apple orchards whether received various fungicides application or not Rovral exhibited the most efficient inhibitory effect on the sporulation of Alternaria mali with the spotted leaf disks at the recommended dose $0.5{\mu}g/ml$ as well as the lower or the higher doses. When applied at the recommended doses $0.7{\mu}g,\;0.75{\mu}g,\;and\;0.7{\mu}g/ml$ of Antracol, Dithane M-45, and Dikar, respectively, these fungicides showed complete inhibitory effects on the sporulation. At the lower levels of application, they allowed the sporulation of 10,000 to 25,000 conidia/ml. Polyoxin and Difolatan, when applied on the leaf disks from the orchard that had received the fungicides application, exhibited low effects allowing the sporulation of around 20,000 conidia/ml. On the leaf disks from the orchard that had received no fungicide application, however, both fungicides showed relatively high inhibitory effects of the sporulation. The inhibitory effects of Captan, Dakonil, and Spat on the sporulation were lower than those of the aforementioned fungicides. Bayleton was the least effective among the fungicides used in the present investigation. Benlate showed promoting effect on the sporulation of the apple leaf spot fungus rather tan inhibiting.

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