The Occurrence of Strawberry Black Leaf Spot Caused by Alternaria alternate (Fr.) Keissler in Korea

딸기 검은무늬병(Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler)의 발생에 관하여

  • Cho J.T. (College of Agriculture, Dong A University) ;
  • Moon B.J. (College of Agriculture, Dong A University)
  • Published : 1980.12.01


A new disease of strawberry caused by Alternaria was found in Gim Hae, Gyougnam province, in July 1979. The symptoms of the disease occurred mainly on leaves as showing dark brown spots with circular to irregular, $5\~6mm$ in diameter. The pathogen was identified as Alternaria alternate (Fr.) Keissler which has not been described in Korea as a pathogen of strawberry disease. The common name of the disease was given as Gum un mum byung of strawberry. The conidia shape and size of this fungus varied considerably with culture media. The measurements of conidia and beak on corn meal agar were $20.1\times9.3{\mu}\;and\;4.0\mu$, respectively, which were shorter than those on strawberry leaf lesions in the field. Among 49 strawberry varieties tested, Morioca 16 and Robinson were highly susceptible to the disease by artificial inoculation and Catskill, Cyclone, Northwest, Merton princess, Juspa and Daehak I were moderately susceptible whereas 31 varieties were resistant. This fungus could also infect the leaf of Common garden sunflower, Double sunflower and Mexican sunflower among the 14 plants species tested.