A Study on Methanol-Assimilating Yeast

메탄올자화 효모에 관한 연구

  • 김현희 (한양대학교 이과대 생물학과) ;
  • 민병례 (단국대학교)
  • Published : 1980.03.01


Thirty species of wild yeasts were ioslated and identified from two hundred strains collected from flowers by enrichment techniques using steptomycin. Among them, twnety three species could assimilate methanol and three species, Candida incommunis, cryptococcus aerius and Hansenula ciferrii which showed good biomass yield were selected. These three species assimilated methanol as carbon and energy source without mixture of vitamin and yeast extract. The species grown on methanol media were confirmed to have all essential amino acids in their cellular constituents. The content of total amino acids are as followings ; Candida incommunis : 42.5%, Hansenula ciferrii : 39.9%. Of the essential amino acids lysine and threonine which are usually lacking in grain protein were as much as flour's. The experiments on the growth conditions for the higher biomass yield showed the result that the optimum concentration of methanol ans temeprature wre defined as 1.3% and $30^{\circ}C$ in each species.