This study was conducted to detect lead which is exhausted with gas from running automobiles and is considered to accumulate in cropping lands. Soil samples were taken from uplands and paddy fields with different distance from highways. atonic absorption spectrophotometer was applied for analysis. Results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. In the areas of Seoul toll gate and Jookjeon, Gyeonggi province, soils of fields within $3\~5$ meters from highway appeared to contain $11\~110\;ppm$ of lead. On the other hand, soils outside of $3\~5$ meters showed only natural background level of lead. 2. The maximum concentration of lead in Hwoedeuk area (Choong-nam p개vince) was 16.3 ppm and those of Kimhae and Dongrae areas were about 12 ppm. Low concentration of $1\~4\;ppm$ was observed in the areas, south of Daejeon along the Honam and Namhae highways. 3. Lead seemed to accumulate in the soil surface within the range of 0 to 5 centimeters which anable to expect little translocation to deeper layer of the soil. 4. lost of arable lands locates at least 15 meters apart from highways so that lead concentrations were lower than expected. No damage could be speculated with the present concentration of lead analyzed. This does not deny the necessity to the long term dectect of the possible pollutant.