Studies of Ginseng on the Antistress Effects

인삼(人蔘)의 항(抗)스트레스작용(作用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

  • Kim, Nak-Doo (College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University) ;
  • Hahn, Byung-Hoon (Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, Eun-Bang (Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kong, Jae-Yang (College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Myoung-Hye (College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jin, Chang-Bae (College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University)
  • Published : 1979.06.15

Abstract

Two pure saponin components, Panax saponin C (protopanaxatriol derivative, ginsenoside Re) and Panax saponin E (protopanaxadiol derivative, ginsenoside $Rb_l$) were isolated from Panax ginseng root and their acute toxicities in mice and antistress effects in rats were investigated. Average lethal doses $(LD_{50})$ of ginsenoside Re were 130mg/kg (i.v.), more than 1,000mg/kg (i.p.) and more than 1,500mg/kg (s.c.), respectively. Average lethal dose of ginsenoside $Rb_{1}$ was 243mg/kg intravenously. Adrenal ascorbic acid and cholesterol contents were significantly decreased when normal rats were exposed to heat $(40^{\circ}C)$ for 30 min. The reduction of the adrenal ascorbic acid and cholesterol contents in rats was partially prevented when the rats received the ginseng saponins prior to exposure to heat stress and most pronounced effects were observed in rats received ginsenoside Re. However, it was found that administration of ginseng alone, without stress, did not significantly change the ascorbic acid and cholesterol contents in adrenal glands. Eosinophil counts in the blood of the rats were elevated when the rats were exposed to the heat stress, and the elevation of the eosinophil counts were prevented with the ginseng saponins under the stress, but the changes were all insignificant statistically.

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