- Volume 24 Issue 6
This paper treats A.C. arc movement in a transverse A.C. magnetic field at atmospheric pressure with the purpose of selecting electrode materials and obtaining detailed data for design of A.C. air circuit breaker, plasma accelerator and plasma jet. Arc velocities in transverse magnetic field are measured by varying arc current, arc voltage, gap length, magnetic flux density and the erosion of electrode surface, which influence arc velocities. The main results are; 1)Arc velocities in transverse magnetic field have different values according to electrodes of various materials and decrease in a descending order of cold cathode, medium cathode and hot cathode. 2)Arc velocities in transverse magnetic field increases with arc current, arc voltage, gap length and magnetic flux densith and on the other hand decrease with the increase of electrode surface erosion. 3)D.C.arc velocity in D.C. magnetic field is higher than A.C. arc velocity in A.C. magnetic field of the same value.