Production and Inhibition of Cellulolytic and Pectolytic Enzymes by Cylindrocarpon destructans(Zins.) Scholten Causing Root Rot of Ginseng

인삼뿌리썩음병균, Cylindrocarpon destructans에 의한 섬유소분해효소 및 펙틴질분해효소의 분필 및 억제

  • Lee Jin Woo (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chung Hoo Sup (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Seoul National University)
  • 이진우 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 정후섭 (서울대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 1974.05.01

Abstract

The activities of pectolytic and cellulolytic enzymes produced from slices of ginseng root infected with Cylindrocarpon destructains(Zins.) Scholtern were proportional to each concentration and reaction time. Activities of cellulase(Cx), endo-polygalacturonase(endo-PG), endo-polymethylg-alacturonase(endo-PMG), exo-polygalacturonase(exe-PG), and exe-polymethylgalacturonase(exo-PMG) were maximum on the 4th day after inoculation. No endo-PG and endo-PMG were detected at the first and second days, while exo-PG exo-PMG were active. On the 6th day, all pectic enzymes were completely lost, whereas Cx remained at a high concentration. pH optima of Cx, endo-PG, endo-PMG, exo-PG, and exo-PMG were 6.0, 5.5, 8.0, 7.0 to 7.5, and 8.5, respectively. Temperature optima of Cx, endo-PG, endo-PMG exo-PG, and exo-PMG were $66^{\circ}C\;53^{\circ}C\;41^{\circ}C\;37^{\circ}C\;and\;40^{\circ}C$, respectively. Cx was only inhibited by $0.05M\; Hg^{++}$ among 16 ions tested. Inhibitory effects of ions on pectolytic enzymes varied, however$M Fe^{+++}\;and\;0.05M\;Al^{+++}$ were the best in general. Among 8 fungicides, none of them inhibited all the enzymes studied at $0.1\%$, active ingredients. Exo-PG were highly inhibited by all of the fungicides, of which difolatan was the most inhibitory to all the pectic enzymes. $Ca^{++}\; at\; 0.02M\; and\;Fe^{+++}\;at\;0.02M$ completely inhibited all the pectolytic enzymes, and Cx was inhibited $30\%$ and $70\%$ at the same concentration, respectively Formalin almost inhibited exo-PG and exe-PMG at $0.8\%$ but not the other enzymes especially Cx. Difolatan at $0.8\%$ inhibited all the enzymes concerned above $80\%$. The cellulolytic and pectolytic enzymes of C. destructans must be closely associated with the ginseng root rot and should be inhibited to control the disease effectively.

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