Studies on the Fungi Associated with Ear Blight of Rice

벼 이삭마름병해에 관여하는 균류에 관한 연구

  • Kang Chang Sik (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Kim Chang Kyu (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development)
  • 강창식 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소) ;
  • 김장규 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소)
  • Published : 1972.10.01

Abstract

This experiment was conducted in order to determine the fungi associated with ear blight of rice and their chemical control. 1, Pyricularia oryzes, Helminthosporium oryzne, Epicoccum purpurascens, Curvularia lunata, Cladosporium cladosporoides and Alternaria tenuis et al. were mainly detected in large quantities from the discolored seeds of recommended varieties but Trichoconis padwickii, Fusarium dimerum, and Nigrospora oryzae were mainly detected from Tongil. 2. Pyricularia oryzae, Nigrospora oryzae, and Curvularia lunate et at. were from the necks; Helminthosporium oryzae, Trichoconis padwickii, Stemphylium sp. , Cladosporium cladosporoides, and Alternaria tenuis et at. were from the branches of ear; and Phoma spp. was mainly detected from the kernels. 3. In the laboratory Difolatan WP $0.13\%$ gave good control of Helminthosporium oryzae, Cladosporium cladosporoides, and Alternaria tenuis, et al.; and Dithane M-45 WP $0.2\% gave especially good control of Pyricularia oryzae, Trichoconis padwickii, and Curvularia lunate. 4. In field experiments, the appropriate date of chemical spray was milk ripening stage or panicle emergence stage. Under these conditions Hinosan Ec and Kasugamin Ec were more effective than Difolatan WP and Dithane M-45 WP. However, the assessment of ear blight was complicated by a severe outbreak of neck blast.

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