- Volume 11 Issue 2
The study has been carried to investigate the nature of resistance in rice varieties against bacterial leaf blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae (Uyeda et. Ishiyama) Dowson. In this study, differences on several morphological histological and bacterial growth in rice leaf extract from different varieties were examined. Shirogane and Norm 6 as resistant varieties, Paldal as moderately resistant, and Jinheung, Kimmaze and Suwon 213 as susceptible varieties were used throughout the experiment. 1. Susceptible varieties Jinheung, Kimmaze have more hydathods in flag leaf than resistant varieties but there were no difference between resistant varieties and moderatly resistant varieties. 2. Average length of xylem vessel elements were 50r longer in leaf veins of susceptible varieties Jinheung, Kimnaze and Suwon 213 than those of resistant varieties, but there were no difference among Paldal, Norm 6 and Shirogane. 3. Kimmaze and Suwon 213 have larger diameter of xylem vessel elements than those of other varieties examined. However, it did not differ significantly between resistant varieries and susceptible varieties statistically. 4. Jinheung and Kimmaze have more secondary xylem vessels in root of 6-7th leaf stage than those of Shirogane and Norm 6. Suwon 213, however, showed least number of secondary xylem vessels exceptionally. 5. Leaf extract from resistnat variety Shirogane, suppressed bacterial growth significantly when compared with those from other varieties. 6. Bacterial growth in autoclaved leaf extract from resistant varieties and susceptible varieties did not show any noticeable difference. In general, fresh extract maintained more bacteria than in autoclaved extract after 48 hours of incubation period.