Strontium-90 Levels in Milk

  • Park, Chan-Kirl (Health Physics Division, Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Yang, Kyung-Rin (Health Physics Division, Atomic Energy Research Institute)
  • Published : 1971.03.01


The levels of strontium-90 in milk produced in Korea were determined during the past six years. Milk samples were collected from dairies and market shops in seoul area. Strontium-90 in milk was separated from calcium using fuming nitric acid and purified radiochemically. After seculear equilibrium was completed, the radioactivity of yttrium-90 was counted in a low background beta counting system. The determination of stable calcium in milk was also made by volu-metric method using 0. 1 N potassium permanganate solution. The highest value of 34.9 pCi $^{90}$ Sr/g-Ca was determined in August, 1966 and the lowest value was 7.5 pCi $^{90}$ Sr/g-Ca in August, 1967. From the result we can say that levels of strontium-90 are decreasing year after year and are far bellow the maximum permissible level recommended by International Committe on Radiation Protection.