Changes of Activities of Rabbit Pulmonary Surfactant Incubated at $37^{\circ}C$, and effect of X-Irradiation in Vitro

$37^{\circ}C$에서 incubate 한 가토(家兎) 폐포표면활성물질(肺胞表面活性物質)의 활성도(活性度)의 변화(變化)와 in vitro X 선조사(線照射)의 영향(影響)

  • Kim, Hyung-Kyu (Department of Physiology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine) ;
  • Choo, Young-Eun (Department of Physiology, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine)
  • 김형규 (경북대학교 의과대학 생리학교실) ;
  • 주영은 (경북대학교 의과대학 생리학교실)
  • Published : 1971.12.01


In an attempt to understand the possible effects of temperature and X-irradiation on the activities of surfactant in rabbits, the pulmonary surfactant from the rabbit was subjected to the incubation at $37^{\circ}C$ and X-irradiation with 900r in vitro, and activities of surfactant were measured at 10, 30, 60, and 90 minutes. Tension-area diagram of the lung extract was recorded automatically by the modified Langmuir-wilhelmy balance with a synchronized recording system designed in this Department. A comparison was made with the normal and the following results were obtained. 1) The maximal surface tension, minimal surface tension, width of the tension area diagram at the surface area of 40% and stability index of the normal rabbit lung extract were $31.6{\pm}3.11\;dynes/cm,\;8.2{\pm}0.56\;dynes/cm,\;21.4{\pm}4.40\;dynes/cm\;and\;1.12{\pm}0.22$,respectively. 2) In the $37^{\circ}C$ incubation group, maximal surface tension was similar to the normal value, while minimal surface tension was significantly lower and stability infer was markedly higher than the normal. 3) In the group where X-irradiation of 900r in vitro was applied, maximal surface tension did not differ greatly with the normal or the $37^{\circ}C$ incubation group. The minimal surface tension was significantly lower than the normal but comparing with the $37^{\circ}C$ incubation group, some decrease in minimal surface tension was noted. The width of the tension·area diagram at 40% and stability index in the irradiated group were significantly higher than the normal but a tendency of increase was noted comparing with the $37^{\circ}C$ incubation group.