Effect of Potash in Relation to the Application of Wollastonite on Rice

수도(水稻)에 있어서 가리(加里)의 시용(施用)이 규회석(珪灰石)의 효과에 미치는 영향(影響)

  • Park, Y.S. (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Park, C.S. (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Kim, Y.S. (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development) ;
  • Ko, J.Y. (Institute of Plant Environment, Office of Rural Development)
  • 박영선 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소) ;
  • 박천서 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소) ;
  • 김영섭 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소) ;
  • 고재영 (농촌진흥청 식물환경연구소)
  • Published : 1970.04.30

Abstract

A pot experiment of paddy rice was carried out primarily to find out the effect of potash in relation to the application of wollastonite on paddy rice. The result which showed increased paddy rice yield has been evaluated from the factors of yield, yield components, soil and plant analysis data at different stages of plant growth and the summary of review is described as follows : 1. Effect of potash is likely to be greater in the presence of wollastonite and a larger quantity of wollastonite application would require correspondingly larger quantities of potash. 2. Application of potash and wollastonite resulted increased paddy rice yield may be largely due to increased contents of potassium, calcium and silica in the soil and increased concentration of $K_2O$, CaO and $SiO_2$, $SiO_2/N$ ratio and $K_2O/N$ ratio in rice straw. 3. The maximum paddy rice yield, at less than 300kg/10a application of wollastonite was obtained by applying 8kg of $K_2O$ per 10 are while 600kg/10a application of wollastonite gave the maximum yield by applying 16kg of $K_2O$ application per 10 are. 4. Application of wollastonite decreased the number of ears per hill and number of grains per ear. While ripening percentage and 1,000 grain weight tended to increase with wollastonite. The increased contents of CaO and $SiO_2$ in straw due to wollastonite application showed a negative correlation with the number of ears per hill and the number of grains per ear but a positive correlation was shown with ripening percentage and 1,000 grains weight. 5. Potash application appeared to be increasing the number of ears per hill and the number of grains per ear. There was a positive correlation exist between the higher content of $K_2O$ in rice straw and the number of grains per ear 6. Amount of nitrogen absorbed tended to decrease with increase in quantities of potash and wollastonite but the ratio of $SiO_2/N$ was increased by further application of potash and wollastonite. 7. $K_2O/N$ ratio was increased with incrementing in quantities of potash application but in the absence of potash, $K_2O/N$ ratio was decreased as to increasing wollastonite application.

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