The Excitation of Waves Associated with a Collapsing Granule in the Photosphere and Chromosphere

  • Kwak, Hannah (Astronomy Program, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Seoul National University) ;
  • Chae, Jongchul (Astronomy Program, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Seoul National University)
  • Published : 2019.10.14


We investigate a collapsing granule event and the associated excitation of waves in the photosphere and chromosphere. Our observations were carried out by using the Fast Imaging Solar Spectrograph and the TiO 7057Å Broadband Filter Imager of the 1.6 meter Goode Solar Telescope of Big Bear Solar Observatory. During our observations, we found a granule which became significantly darker than neighboring granules. The edge of the granule collapsed within several minutes. After the collapse, transient oscillations occurred in the photospheric and chromospheric layers. The dominant period of the oscillations is close to 4.5 minutes in the photosphere and 4 minutes in the chromosphere. Moreover, in the Ca II-0.5Å raster image, we observed brightenings which are considered as the manifestation of shock waves. Based on our results, we suggest that the impulsive collapse of a granule can generate upward-propagating acoustic waves in the solar quiet region that ultimately develop into shocks.