Effect of Heat Treatment on the Tensile Deformation Behavior of Au-Sn Strip Manufactured by Strip Casting Process

박판 주조법으로 제조된 Au-Sn 스트립의 열처리에 따른 인장 변형 거동

  • Lee, Kee-Ahn ;
  • Jin, Young-Min ;
  • NamKung, Jung (RIST) ;
  • Kim, Mun-Chul (RIST)
  • 이기안 (안동대학교 공과대학 신소재공학부 청정소재연구센터) ;
  • 진영민 (안동대학교 공과대학 신소재공학부 청정소재연구센터) ;
  • 남궁정 (포항산업과학연구원 비철제련연구단) ;
  • 김문철 (포항산업과학연구원 비철제련연구단)
  • Published : 2009.10.08


This study tried to examine the suitability of strip casting process such as PFC (Planar Flow Casting) method for soldering Au-Sn strip. The effect of heat treatment on the tensile behavior and mechanical properties of an Au-Sn strip was investigated through tensile test, micro hardness test, X-ray diffraction (XRD), SEM, and TEM observations. It was apparent that 20-mm width Au-Sn strip could be well produced by using planar flow casting process. Tensile results showed that tensile strength increased from 338.3MPa to 310MPa and plastic strain improved from 0% to 1.5% with heat treatment ($170^{\circ}C$/70 hrs.). The microstructure of Au-Sn strip mainly consisted of two phases; $Au_5Sn(\zeta)$ and AuSn($\sigma$). It was also found that inhomogeneous amorphous local structure continuously changed to the homogeneous two phases microstructure with heat treatment. The fractographical observation after tensile test indicated the cleavage fracture mode of as-casted Au-Sn strip. On the other hand, the heat treated Au-Sn strip showed that fracture propagated along interface between brittle AuSn and ductile $Au_5Sn$ phases. The deformation behavior of strip casted Au-Sn alloy with microstructural evolution and the improve method for ductility of this alloy was also suggested.