Color Image Segmentation by statistical approach

확률적 방법을 통한 컬러 영상 분할

  • 강선도 (고려대학교 산업시스템정보공학과) ;
  • 유헌우 (연세대학교 인지과학연구소) ;
  • 장동식 (고려대학교 산업시스템정보공학과)
  • Published : 2006.05.01


Color image segmentation is useful for fast retrieval in large image database. For that purpose, new image segmentation technique based on the probability of pixel distribution in the image is proposed. Color image is first divided into R, G, and B channel images. Then, pixel distribution from each of channel image is extracted to select to which it is similar among the well known probabilistic distribution function-Weibull, Exponential, Beta, Gamma, Normal, and Uniform. We use sum of least square error to measure of the quality how well an image is fitted to distribution. That P.d.f has minimum score in relation to sum of square error is chosen. Next, each image is quantized into 4 gray levels by applying thresholds to the c.d.f of the selected distribution of each channel. Finally, three quantized images are combined into one color image to obtain final segmentation result. To show the validity of the proposed method, experiments on some images are performed.