Boiling Heat Transfer Characteristics of R-290 in Horizontal Minichannel

수평미세관내 R-290의 비등열전달 특성

  • Choi, Kwang-Il (Graduate School, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Pamitran, A.S. (Graduate School, Chonnam National University) ;
  • Oh, Jong-Taek (Department of Refrigeration Eng., Chonnam National University)
  • 최광일 (전남대학교대학원 냉동공학과) ;
  • ;
  • 오종택 (전남대학교 냉동공학과)
  • Published : 2006.06.21

Abstract

The present paper deals with an experimental study of boiling heat transfer characteristics of R-290, and is focused on pressure gradient and heat transfer coefficient of the refrigerant flow inside horizontal smooth minichannel with inner diameter of 3.0 mm and length of 2000 mm. The direct heating method applied for supplying heat to the refrigerant where the test tube was uniformly heated by electric current which was applied to the tube wall. The experiments were conducted with R-290 with purity of 99.99% at saturation temperature of 0 to $10^{\circ}C$. The range of mass flux is $50{\sim}250kg/m^2s$ and heat flux is $5{\sim}20kW/m^2$. The heat transfer coefficients of R-290 increases with increasing mass flux and saturation temperature, wherein the effect of mass flux is higher than that of the saturation temperature, whereas the heat flux has a low effect on increasing heat transfer coefficient. The significant effect of mass flux on heat transfer coefficient is shown at high quality, the effect of heat flux on heat transfer coefficient at low quality shows a domination of nucleate boiling contribution. The heat transfer coefficient of the experimental result was compared with six existing heat transfer coefficient correlation. Zang et al.'s correlation(2004) gave the best prediction of heat transfer coefficient.