Genome-wide Analysis and Control of Microbial Hosts for a High-level Production of Therapeutic Proteins

  • Kim, Sung-Geun (Mogam Biotechnology Research Institute) ;
  • Park, Jung-Hwan (Mogam Biotechnology Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, Tae-Hee (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Kim, Myung-Dong (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Seo, Jin-Ho (Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lim, Hyung-Kwon (Mogam Biotechnology Research Institute)
  • Published : 2005.06.30


The formation of insoluble aggregation of the recombinant kringle fragment of human apolipoprotein(a), rhLK8, in endoplasmic reticulum was identified as the rate-limiting step in the rhLK8 secretion in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To analyze the protein secretion pathway, some of yeast genes closely related to protein secretion was rationally selected and their oligomer DNA were arrayed on the chip. The expression profiling of these genes during the induction of rhLK8 in fermentor fed-batch cultures revealed that several foldases including pdi1 gene were up-regulated in the early induction phase, whereas protein transport-related genes were up-regulated in the late induction phase. The coexpression of pdi1 gene increased rhLK8-folding capacity. Hence, the secretion efficiency of rhLK8 in the strain overexpressing pdi1 gene increased by 2-fold comparing in its parental strain. The oligomer DNA chip arrayed with minimum number of the genes selected in this study could be generally applicable to the monitoring system for the heterologous protein secretion and expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. With the optimization of fed-batch culture conditions and the alteration of genetic background of host, we obtained extracellular rhLK8 at higher yields than with Pichia pastoris systems, which was a 25-fold increased secretion level of rhLK8 compared to the secretion level at the initiation of this study.