Processing Plasmas are very sensitive to a variation in process parameters, To maintain process quality and device field, plasma malfunction should be tightly monitored with high sensitivity. A new monitoring method is presented and this was accomplished by applying discrete wavelet transformation to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. XPS data were collected during a plasma etching of silicon carbide. Various effects of DWT factor on fault sensitivity were optimized experimentally. Compared to raw data, total percent sensitivity for DWT data demonstrated a significantly improved sensitivity to plasma faults induced by bias power.