Effects of probiotics on growth and immune responses in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus and on water quality parameters of recirculating rearing system

  • Published : 2003.05.01


Recently, probiotics is applied for aquaculture management as an alternative method of antibiotics. Probiotics is defined as a live microbial feed supplement which a good effect to the host animal by improving its microbial condition of gastrointestinal tract (Fuller, 1989). Generally, probiotics affect growth and survival of cultured fish, water quality, immune system and so on (Rengpipat et al, 2000, Robertson et al, 2000). (omitted)