Soot Formation Characteristics of Concentric Diffusion Flames with Mixture Fuels

이중동축류 화염을 이용한 혼합연료의 매연생성 특성에 관한 연구

  • 이원남 (단국대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 남연우 (단국대학교 대학원 기계공학과)
  • Published : 2002.11.15

Abstract

The synergistic effect of ethylene/propane and ethylene/methane mixtures on soot formation is studied experimentally with a concentric co-flow burner. The integrated soot volume fractions, laser light scattering signal and PAH concentrations are measured for different fuel supply configurations. The synergistic effect in ethylene/propane diffusion flames is found to be affected not only by the composition of mixture but also by the way of mixing. Comparing to the homogeneously mixed ethylene/propane case, the increase of soot formation is observed when propane is supplied through the inner nozzle, while the decrease is observed when propane is supplied through the outer nozzle. However, the measured PAH concentration distributions are inconsistent with the current view of the synergistic effect of ethylene./propane mixture on soot formation. Virtually no synergistic effect is observed in ethylene-methane flames regardless of the fuel supply configuration, which suggests the important role of $C_3$ species produced during the propane pyrolysis process for the synergistic effect.