Digit recognition based on backpropagation neural networks, as an important application of pattern recognition, was attracted much attention. Although it has the advantages of parallel calculation, high error-tolerance, and learning capability, better recognition effects can only be achieved with some specific fixed format input of the digit image. Therefore, digit image preprocessing ability directly affects the accuracy of recognition. Here using Matlab software, the digit image was enhanced by resizing and neutral-rotating the extracted digit image, which improved the digit recognition capability of the backpropagation neural network under practical conditions. This method may also be helpful for recognition of other patterns with backpropagation neural networks.