# Electrocheimical Evaluation of the Reaction Rafe and Electrochemical Optimization of the Mediated Electrochemical Reduction of NAD$^+$

• Kang, Young-Wan (Dept. of Food Sci. and Technol. National University) ;
• Kim, So-Hyoung (Dept. of Chem., Chonbuk National University) ;
• Kang, Chan (Dept. of Chem., Chonbuk National University) ;
• Yun, Sei-Eok (Dept. of Food Sci. and Technol. National University)
• Published : 2000.10.01
• 35 4

#### Abstract

The electrocatalytic reduction of NAD$^{＋}$ using diaphorase was studied. methyl viologen (MV$^{2＋}$) mediator between an electrode and the enzyme. Steady-state currents could be obtained under the conditions of slow scan rate, low MV$^{2＋}$concentration, and high NAD$^{＋}$ concentration as the electrode reaction was converted to an electrochemical-catalytic (EC') reaction. The biomecular rate constant for the reaction of the reduced methyl viologen with the oxidized diaphorase was estimated as 7.5$\times$10$^3$M$^{-1}$ s$^{-1}$ from the slope of the current versus [MV$^{2＋}$] plot. And the optimal concentrations of diaphorase, MV$^{2＋}$ and NAD$^{＋}$ in the mediated electrocatalytic reduction of NAD$^{＋}$ were decided by applying the cyclic voltammetry. The optimal concentrations of the species were obtained by finding the conditions which gave the highest and steady-state current at a gold-amalgam electrode. The highest and steady-state catalytic current was achieved under the conditions of 1.5 U/ml diaphorase, 0.2 mM MV$^{2＋}$, and 4.8 mM NAD$^{＋}$ at the scan rate of 2 mV s$^{-1}$ , suggesting that the rate of the electrocatalytic reation is the higest under the former conditions. The electrochemical procedure under the conditions of 1.5 U/ml diaphorase,0.2 mM MV$^{2＋}$, and 4.8 mM NAD$^{＋}$ was used favorably to drive an enzymatic reduction of pyruvate to D-lactate.