Fly ash is the unburned residue resulting from the combustion of coal in utility and industrial boilers such as thermal power plants. Annually about 5 million tons of fly ash is being produced in korea. Less than 25 percent of total volume of fly ash is currently being used effectively for some ways. In the future, the volume of fly ash discharge from thermal power stations will be increasing more and more, and the development of the utilization of high volume fly ash is required. Fly ash has a lower compacted density and specific gravity than coarse grained natural aggregates but equivalent strength properties indicating that the fly ash could be used as a structural fill materials. So, clay-fly ash mixtures can be used as a fill material in the construction of embankments. Laboratory tests have been carried out to determine the physical, chemical, and geotechnical characteristics of the clay and fly ash. The fly ash is mixed with the clay in different proportions and the geotechnical characteristics of the mixtures have been studied also. In this study describes the results of the experimental study. The implications of the use of clay and clay-fly ash mixtures on the stability of embankments are discussed.